Depression Disorders – Types, Symptoms, And Treatments

Depression Disorders In Nigeria

Depression is a serious illness that affects millions of individuals around the world. However, when two depressed people compare their symptoms, they frequently discover that they are vastly different. One reason for this is that you may not be suffering from the same type of depression. You could be unsure if you have depression at all, or if you do, what type it is. Learning about the various depression disorder might help you make sense of the situation and get the confidence you need to seek therapy.

General Symptoms

Although there are many distinct varieties of depression, you might find it helpful to start with a list of the most typical symptoms of depression.

Many individuals consider persistent sorrow to be the cause of depression. Symptoms associated with depression are as well as:

Depressed state of mind
Sleep, hunger, and weight fluctuations
More agitation or less activity
Concentration issues
Low energy consumption
Feeling helpless or remorseful
Aches and pains that don’t seem to have a physical origin
Suicidal ideation

Types of Depression

Although the symptoms listed above can emerge in any type of depressive disorder, each type has its own mix of symptoms, triggers, and presentation. Here are some basic summaries of different types of depression and what distinguishes them.

Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)

Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is a type of depression that lack of interest in previously appreciated activities, as well as a gloomy or depressed mood, are common signs of MDD. One or both of the symptoms must be present, as well as three or four others, for a total of five of the symptoms listed above. The symptoms must be severe enough to cause disruption in daily living. They can’t be caused by bereavement, substance misuse, a medicine or another medical condition, a psychotic disorder, or a schizophrenic disorder, for example. Finally, if you’ve had a manic or hypomanic episode, MDD is unlikely to be the diagnosis.

Persistent Depressive Disorder (PDD)

Persistent Depressive Disorder (PDD) is a type of depression, also known as dysthymia, is a kind of depression that lasts for more than two years. The symptoms may improve or worsen over the course of those two years, but they are always there at some level.

Seasonal affective disorder (SAD)

Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a type of depression that starts in the winter and goes away in the spring. It’s possible that it has something to do with the amount of natural light accessible during the day. Social isolation, weight gain, and oversleeping are common signs of seasonal sadness. Year after year, SAD reappears in the winter.

Bipolar depression

Manic depression, also known as bipolar disorder, is a mental illness in which depressive symptoms alternate with manic or hypomanic symptoms. You may experience any of the general depression symptoms during the depressive stages. You may experience symptoms such as fast speech, grandiose ideas, high mood, and others while in the manic phase. Hypomania is a type of mania that is less severe than mania. You may experience periods when you are neither sad nor manic or hypomanic if you have bipolar disorder.

Perinatal depression

When a woman is pregnant, she can develop perinatal depression. It can also happen after a baby is born, which is known as postpartum depression. Anxiety, sorrow, and weariness are the most typical symptoms of this disorder, which are similar to those of major depression. The symptoms may be severe enough to impair the mother’s ability to properly care for her child.

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)

Cyclical depression is a type of depression that occurs in certain women during their menstrual cycles. PMDD (premenstrual dysphoric disorder) is a hormonal moor disorder. It’s a more serious condition than PMS, and it usually lasts for several days before a woman’s menstruation arrives. Along with the typical symptoms of depression, this illness involves physical manifestations. Irritability is a widespread problem.

Treatment is critical in the treatment of depression. The most successful treatment is determined by the type of depression as well as personal characteristics. Some of the treatments that your doctor or therapist may suggest are listed below.


For the treatment of depression, a variety of medicines are available. Antidepressants are the first-line treatment for many kinds of depression.

Antidepressants such as Wellbutrin SR are common.
Your doctor may prescribe a mood stabilizer, as well as an antidepressant and other drugs, if you have manic depression.

Light therapy

Light therapy may help those with seasonal depression. Getting enough sunlight can be really beneficial. During the winter, though, there may not be enough light to brighten your attitude. As a result, some people with SAD opt for light treatment, which involves sitting near a specific box with extremely bright lights. Each day, the treatment lasts for a set amount of time. The type of SAD light is also crucial; narrow bandwidth blue light with a specific wavelength has been proven to be the most effective in treating seasonal depression symptoms.

Brain stimulation therapies

Because depression is a neurological illness, several treatments target it directly by activating the brain. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is one of these treatments, which involves transmitting electrical stimulation through your brain in a very regulated manner while you are asleep. Another is transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), which is a noninvasive method that uses a magnetic force to stimulate the brain’s nerve cells. Both of these types of therapy are often reserved for those who have severe or persistent depression and have failed to respond to other treatments


Psychotherapy can be beneficial for a wide range of mental illnesses. The ideal treatment for you is determined by a variety of criteria, including the type and severity of your disease, as well as your personal preferences. Whatever style of therapy you choose, your counselor may tailor it to your specific needs. Many scientific investigations and clinical practice have proven that both cognitive behavioral therapy and interpersonal therapy are helpful.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

CBT is frequently recommended by psychologists to people suffering from a variety of depression problems. Learning to recognize negative thoughts and behaviors is part of this form of therapy. The second stage is to alter any negative or incorrect beliefs or habits that may be contributing to your depression. During this process, your therapist serves as a guide and encourager, but you are the one who learns and practices the strategies.

Seeking Help For Depression

Whatever type of depressive condition you have, a doctor or counselor can assist you in overcoming the symptoms and returning to a happier life. To get started with diagnosis and treatment, speak with a psychiatrist or doctor in your area.

Alternatively, you might start by speaking with a therapist in your region or online. Better Help’s online therapy provides you with the privacy you desire while also providing you with all of the psychological tools available during in-person treatment. The most essential thing is to start someplace – whether with a psychiatrist or a counselor – so you can feel better and establish a better life.

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